lt was 17 February 1988 when the King Sejong Station(62˚ 13' S, 58˚ 47' W) commenced to function as a permanent research station for KARP(Korea Antarctic Research Program). The station comprising six buildings and two observatories for research and accommodation was reinforced by three more facility buidings in February 1991 and one more building in February 2000.
The station was named after King Sejong the Great of Joseon Dynasty who abounded history with many great works in social, economical and cultural development.The advent of Hangul, the unique yet simpand scientific Korean alphabet and instruments like sun dial and rain gauge in his reign during early 15th centry represents his love and care for the people, majority of whom were in illiteracy of chinese characters and were farmers that weather forecast werefar beyond their reach.
The station is located in Barton Peninsula, King George Island, making it strategic point for studying the behavior of energy particles from the space into the Earth's magnetic field. Its relatively mild climate in Antarctica attracts wide range of animals for breeding in summer. This is why many biologists want to visit the island fortheir researches. When it comes to geology, the northern Antarctic Peninsula including Bransfield Strait and the South Shetland Islands is the most active area until recently in geologic time. King George Island is one of the best places for studying the recent evolution of the land masses of Antarctica. Because the island is in subantarctic region and its surrounding sea is almost ice-free during the austral summer, it has become a favorite access to the Antarctic continent.
The station accommodates two major expeditions, the Summer and the Over-winter research parties. The Summer research party consists of researchers up to about 50 from Korea Ocean Research and Development lnstitute and guest scientists from other non-governmental bodies including universities. The party carries out research activities through temporary excursions to target areas in land and waters near station. The Over-winter party comprising 16 scientists and engineers stays at theKing Sejong Station all year round, routinely collects geophysical and met eorological records and observes biological and oceanographical parameters. The researchers from Korea keeps promoting collaboration with other institutions in and out of Antarctica by participating in various global monitoring projects from lnternational SeismologicalCenter, Intermagnet Project, World Meteorological Organization, and Global Sea-level Observing System.